Cultural Atlas — Greek Culture

13 January 2020

2 The Greek Letters, alpha, beta, gimmel don't have any which means in Greek but the which means of most of their Semitic equivalents is understood. For example, 'aleph' means 'ox', 'bet' means 'home' and 'gimmel' means 'throw stick'. Some letters can occur in variant shapes, principally inherited from medieval minuscule handwriting. While their use in regular typography of Greek is only a matter of font kinds, some such variants have been given separate encodings in Unicode. Greek letters are used to indicate the brighter stars within every of the eighty-eight constellations.

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"Of these whose hair was preserved fifty four% were blondes or redheads, and the percentage grows to 87% when light-brown hair shade is added." Excavations have been ongoing since the 1980s. In France, according to a supply revealed 1939, blondism is extra common in Normandy, and fewer widespread within the Pyrenees and the Mediterranean seacoast; 26% of French population has blond or light brown hair. A 2007 research of French females confirmed that by then roughly 20% have been blonde, although half of these blondes were fully fake. Roughly ten p.c of French females are pure blondes, of which 60% bleach their hair to a lighter tone of blond. Blond hair is most common in mild-skinned infants and youngsters, a lot so that the time period "child blond" is commonly used for very mild colored hair.

The minority of statues with blond hair range from strawberry blond as much as platinum blond. The Hmong people have been historically recorded with blonde hair and blue eyes by the Chinese since ancient occasions. Their light phenotypes made it easy for Chinese distinguish them. Geneticist David Reich stated that the derived SNP for blond hair entered continental Europe by means of a large population migration from the Eurasian steppe, by a people who had substantial Ancient North Eurasian ancestry. The derived allele of KITLG related to blond hair in fashionable Europeans is current in a number of people of the Ancient North Eurasian (ANE) lineage, and is recorded in Mesolithic Eastern Europe as related to the Eastern European Hunter-Gatherer (EHG) lineage derived from ANE.

Alan Gua is taken into account a mythical determine from The Secret History of the Mongols and speaks of the glittering customer being a "yellow canine" Rashid al-Din refer the glittering visitor as a genie which had impregnated Alan Gua. Blonde hair are additionally present in another components of the South Pacific, such because the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, and Fiji, once more with greater incidences in kids. Blond hair in Melanesians is caused by an amino acid change in the gene TYRP1. This mutation is at a frequency of 26% in the Solomon Islands and is absent outside of Oceania. A number of blond naturally mummified our bodies of common individuals (i.e. not correct mummies) courting to Roman instances have been discovered within the Fagg El Gamous cemetery in Egypt.

The Greeks adopted the alphabet from the sooner Phoenician alphabet, one of many closely related scripts used for the West Semitic languages, calling it Φοινικήια γράμματα 'Phoenician letters'. When it was adopted for writing Greek, certain consonants had been adapted to express vowels. The use of each vowels and consonants makes Greek the primary alphabet in the narrow sense, as distinguished from the abjads used in Semitic languages, which have letters only for consonants. This system of diacritics was first developed by the scholar Aristophanes of Byzantium (c.257 – c.185/180 BC), who worked on the Musaeum in Alexandria during the third century BC.

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In most constellations, the brightest star is designated Alpha and the following brightest Beta etc. For example, the brightest star within the constellation of Centaurus is known as Alpha Centauri. For historic reasons, the Greek designations of some constellations start with a lower ranked letter. Gagauz, a Turkic language of the northeast Balkans, was apparently written in Greek characters within the late 19th century. In 1957, it was standardized on Cyrillic, and in 1996, a Gagauz alphabet based mostly on Latin characters was adopted (derived from the Turkish alphabet).

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The Shiwei individuals have been a Mongolic-talking ethnic group who were blond-haired and blue eyed. Blond hair can nonetheless be seen amongst folks from the region they inhabited, even right now. Some Xianbei have been described with blond hair and blue eyes based on Chinese historic chronicles.


The earliest known individual with the derived allele is the ANE Afontova Gora three individual, dated to 14,seven-hundred years in the past.Ancient DNA of ANE or "steppe" ancestry is present in Mesolithic Northern Europe. In the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth century, scientific racists categorized blond hair and blue eyes as characteristics of the supreme Nordic race. In the cases of the three historic sibilant letters beneath, the correspondence between Phoenician and Ancient Greek is much less clear, with apparent mismatches both in letter names and sound values. The early historical past of these letters (and the fourth sibilant letter, out of date san) has been a matter of some debate.

These writers subscribed to Sergi's depigmentation concept that the Nordic race was the northern variety of Mediterraneans that misplaced pigmentation through natural selection as a result of environment. The 4 great branches of the Mediterranean inventory had been the Libyans, the Ligurians, the Pelasgians and the Iberians. Ancient Egyptians, Ethiopians and Somalis had been greek girls considered by Sergi as Hamites, themselves constituting a Mediterranean variety and one situated close to the cradle of the inventory. To Sergi, the Semites were a department of the Eurafricans who have been closely related to the Mediterraneans.

The Mongolian warlord, Bodonchar Munkhag, a direct ancestor of Genghis Khan, was stated to have blond hair. His mother, Alan Goa, described an encounter with an unidentified blond man who she referred to, affectionately, as a yellow dog.

Blond hair is commonest alongside the Channel, in regions settled by Saxons and Normans, in Burgundy and the country bordering Switzerland, and down the course of the Rhône. In northern France it appears to comply with upstream the rivers which empty into the Channel. In the same method, the northeastern French departments are probably as mild-haired as a few of the provinces of southern Germany. The notion that blonds are much less intelligent just isn't grounded actually.